Porosty Wigierskiego Parku Narodowego. Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody. Supplementum Cartographiae Geobotanicae. Acta Mycol. Kukwa M.
Lepraria incana L. Atlas of the geographical distribution of lichens in Poland. Cracow: W. Lecanora thysanophora Lecanoraceae, zlichenizowane Ascomycota w Polsce. Fragm Florist Geobot Pol. New and noteworthy species of lichens and allied fungi from north-eastern Poland. Additions to the biota of lichens and lichenicolous fungi of Poland with note on Lecania prasinoides in Eastern and Central Europe.
Pol Bot J. Syrek M, Kukwa M. Taxonomy of the lichen Cladonia rei and its status in Poland. Matwiejuk A, Zbyryt A. Nowe stanowisko Lobaria pulmonaria Stictaceae z apotecjami w Polsce. The lichen genus Lepraria in Poland.
The lichen genus Ochrolechia in Poland II. Sorediate taxa with variolaric acid. The genus Ochrolechia in Europe. Czarnota P. The lichen genus Micarea Lecanorales, Ascomycota in Poland. Polish Botanical Studies; vol The lichen genus Ochrolechia in Poland. Ochrolechia androgyna s. Czarnota P, Kukwa M. Contribution to the knowledge of some poorly known lichens in Poland. The genus Psilolechia. Folia Cryptogam Est. The lichens of the Cladonia pyxidata-chlorophaea group and allied species in Poland.
Oset M, Kukwa M.A new species and 2 new records of lichen genus Buellia were discovered from Chuja-do Island in Jeju Province during a recent floristic survey: B. Wang, S. Hur sp.
The new species is characterized by a brown, areolate thallus, the presence of perlatolic acid, and a saxicolous habitat. Together with previously recorded species, 10 Buellia species were confirmed from Jeju-do Island. Although the genus Buellia has been thoroughly studied in Korea before, novel species have been discovered continuously, and large species diversity has been found in this crustose genus, even from a small rocky island. This study indicates that the coastal area harbors a vast number of crustose lichen species, and there is great potential to discover unknown lichens in the coastal rocky area in Korea.
The genus Buellia De Not. Physciaceaetyped by B.
New or noteworthy records of lichens from Louisiana.
Mudd, is characterized by single or pluriseptate brown ascospores, lecideine apothecium margins, and a brown to yellowish crustose thallus. It is a large genus containing c. It is morphologically similar to the genus Rinodina Ach.
Gray, which usually has lecanorine apothecia and hyaline hypothecium, whereas Buellia has lecideine apothecia and deep brown hypothecium.
Nine species have previously been reported in South Korea [ 234567 ], most of which are from the rocky seaside area. During a recent floristic survey of lichens from Chujado Island, one new species and two new records of Buellia have been found. Together with the previous records, 12 species are confirmed in South Korea now, and a key to all the known species are provided here. Studies have also been performed on the related genera from this area; our results on the genera AmandineaHafelliaand others are provided in another publication [ 8 ].
Specimens were examined using standard microscopy techniques and were hand-sectioned under a dissecting microscope SMZ T; Nikon, Tokyo, Japan. Ascospore dimensions reflect ten measurements, typically from a single apothecium per specimen. Sizes are represented by the range between the smallest and largest single values. Sequences of the internal transcribed spacer ITS region, including the 5.
Protocols for PCR amplification and sequencing were detailed by Liu et al. Ambiguous regions were identified and excluded using Gblocks [ 26 ] with the following parameters: for a conserved position, 15; minimum number of sequences for a flanking position, 16; maximum number of contiguous nonconserved positions, 6; minimum length of a block, 3; and allowed gap positions, with half.
Gaps were regarded as missing. BI analyses were performed with MrBayes v3. Trees were sampled every generations. Chain convergence was determined using Tracer v1.
Phylogenetic trees were summarized using the sump and sumt commands with burn-ins discarded. Bootstrap frequencies were estimated from the consensus tree built with 2, trees obtained from nonparametric bootstrapping pseudoreplicates.
Diploicia canescens was selected as the out-group. Tree files were edited with FigTree v1. Twenty-eight sequences were used in this study, with 6 of them ITS being newly generated Fig. The putative new species B. The new species clustered within the Buellia species as a sister species to B.
The high phylogenetic value supported the validity of the new species and new records. Together with the morphological analysis, a total of 12 species were confirmed in South Korea. Hymenium with numerous oil droplets; exciple dispersa -type; ascus 8-sporedKossowska M. New, rare and noteworthy lichens in the Giant Mountains.
New records of Parmelia ernstiae and P. Acta Mycol. New records of rare lichenicolous and lichenforming fungi from volcanic rocks in SW Poland. Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody.
New and noteworthy lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi
Microchemical methods for the identification of lichens. London: British Lichen Society; Note from editors. Atlas of the geographical distribution of lichens in Poland.
The lichens of. A fourth checklist. Acta Botanica Silesiaca, Monographiae; vol 8. The lichens, lichenicolous and allied fungi of Poland. An annotated checklist. Kubiak D, Szczepkowski A. Central European lichens — diversity and threat. Ithaca, NY: Mycotaxon Ltd. Fragm Flor Geobot Pol. Dimos-Zych M. Red list of the lichens in Poland.
Red list of plants and fungi in Poland. Acta Botanica Silesiaca, Monographiae; vol 4.The Delmarva Peninsula, situated between the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays, is a region of global biological importance. This volume is the first comprehensive lichen flora presented in modern times for eastern North America and the only treatment of the macro- and micro-lichens in the mid-Atlantic region. The authors, James Lendemer and Nastassja Noell, include the species of lichens documented from Delmarva, presented in a current phylogenetic arrangement, providing identification keys, descriptions, maps of species distributions, a color image for nearly all those treated, along with proposed conservation status.
Most of the species covered occur elsewhere on the Atlantic Coast, from Massachusetts to Virginia, and the information on natural history will be valuable to anyone interested in the changing landscape of Delmarva, and the organisms inhabiting the Peninsula and surrounds.
Photographs from this site may not be used for commercial purposes without consent from the photographer. With permission by Stereogirl Design.Phytocoenosis — Supplementum Cartographiae Geobotanicae; vol Monographiae Botanicae; vol Kubiak D, Sucharzewska E. Zalewska A. Cracow: W. Acta Mycol. Seven lichen species new to Poland. Kubiak D.
Assessment of lichens diversity in oak-hornbeam forests of the Olsztyn Lakeland northern Poland. Natural human environment — dangers, protection, education. Microchemical methods for the identification of lichens. London: British Lichen Society; Atlas of the geographical distribution of lichens in Poland. Part I. A new Agonimia with flabelliform thallus from Europe. Czarnota P. In: Lipnicki L, editor. Lichen protection — protected lichen species.
Agonimia species and other rare lichens in Central Poland. Hafellner J. Distributional and other data for some Agonimia species Verrucariales, lichenized Ascomycota. Urbanavichus GP. Family Verrucariaceae in Russia. Genus Agonimia.No One by LeNext ft Maryland
Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii. Miscellaneous new records of lichens and lichenicolous fungi. Lichen diversity in the managed forests of the Karnieszewice Forest Division and its surroundings N Poland. Ecological Questions. Czarnota P, Coppins BJ.Nineteen new to science species of lichen forming fungi, i. Hur, A. Hur, Biatora loekoesiana S. Hur, Caloplaca ivanpisutii S.
Hur, Candelariella makarevichiae S. Hur, Huriella pohangensis S. Hur, H. Hur, Hyperphyscia oxneri S. Hur, Nectriopsis gangwondoensis S. Hur, Porina ulleungdoensis S. Halda et J. Hur, Psoroglaena gangwondoensis S. Woo et J. Hur, Pyrenopsis cavernicola S. Hur, Rhizocarpon sunchonense S. Hur, Rufoplaca ulleungensis S. Hur, Sarcogyne ulleungdoensis S.
Hur, Skyttea bumyoungsungii S. Hur, Thelopsis gangwondoensis S. Hur, Topelia loekoesiana S. Hur, all from South Korea, as well as Gallowayella awasthiana S. Upreti from India and Franwilsia skottsbergii S. Thell, S. Oh et J. Hur from Chile are described, illustrated and compared with closely related taxa. A key to Agonimia species known from Eastern Asia is also included. Lecanora helicopis is recorded for Korea for the first time, as well as a number of new to Jeju-do Island species i.
Additional data on conidiomata and morphological characters of thallus and apothecia and illustrations as well as data on newly located isotype specimens recently described from Canary Islands, Spain Fominiella tenerifensis are provided.
Two new combinations, i.To collect lichens, first you must obtain permission to collect them from the landowner. Then it is on to collecting your specimens. It is not as easy as it sounds. Lichens grow slowly and take a long time to cover an area. You must be ethical when you collect. Please visit our Ethics and Native Plants web page for reasons to leave plants behind. Remember that on National Forest Lands, it is illegal to collect vegetation without a permit.
For collecting permit information on National Forests, please visit our Collection Permits web page. Identifying lichens is much more difficult than identifying vascular plants. Each lichen thallus is a complete microscopic world with unique characteristics separating it from the other lichens. Lichens are classified based on the fungus and fungal features. When identifying lichens, keep in mind that one species of fungus can have two different forms if paired with two different "photobionts".
It is not common but it does happen. A lichenologist Kerry Knudson in California in the field using a hand-lens to identify a lichen. Photo by Chris Wagner, U. Forest Service. A group of botanists on a lichen excursion. In order to identify lichen to species, lichenologists use common household chemicals and some not-so-common chemicals to test the color reaction of the unique compounds found in the structure of the lichen, as well as using a lichen key to distinguish between species.
Although a few of the chemicals are common, such as bleach and iodine, others are not as easy to get and are costly and dangerous. However, just about anyone can use a botanical identification key and a hand lens to identify the genus of lichen and appreciate their collection. Even if you are not interested in identifying lichens, they are still interesting and amazing organisms to look at with the naked eye as well as under a hand lens or microscope.
Realizing the roles lichens play in our environment will give you a greater appreciation of the world around you. Breadcrumb Home Celebrating Wildflowers. Lichen Collection and Identification Collection To collect lichens, first you must obtain permission to collect them from the landowner.
Just as with plants, remember, collect only lichens when you intend to use them later for identification or for adding to your collection. Never take more than you need, and never take the entire population in the area. Always leave some behind to recolonize the open space. If there is not enough to collect, then leave it behind.
You do not want to remove the lichen from the environment completely. Remember that the lichen will die eventually when it is collected and stored indoors. Lichens are alive and should be treated with care. Wet the lichen first to prevent breakage during removal from its substrate. Remember that wet or damp lichens are more pliable and forgiving of mishandling. When storing the lichen for the trip to the lab or for long-term storage in your collection, always use a paper bag or paper envelopes.
Do not use plastic bags, especially for wet specimens. They will die quicker and turn to mush. For more information about lichen collecting, please visit Harvard University, Farlow Herbarium: Lichens. Identification Identifying lichens is much more difficult than identifying vascular plants. Celebrating Wildflowers.
Why is Pollination Important?